UN Photo/Patricia Esteve
Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)
DDR has been a critical component of peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts globally and in Africa since the late 1980s. Its primary objective is to contribute to post-conflict security and stability so as to prevent relapse into conflict. Traditionally occurring following the signing of a peace agreement or ceasefire, it specifically sought to deal with the post-conflict security challenge of ex-combatants being deprived of livelihoods or support networks other than their former comrades.  DDR takes place in three stages: beginning with (i) “disarmament”, wherein the collection, documentation, and disposal of weapons and ammunition takes place; then (ii) “demobilization”, which is the stage whereby combatants are discharged from armed groups or armed forces; and finally (iii) the “reintegration” stage which is the social, economic and political process through which ex-combatants acquire a civilian status and become mobilizers towards community development.

However, today, DDR programs are increasingly being implemented in complex contexts of active conflict where one or more of these pre-conditions are not met. To respond to this ever-evolving conflict setting, the UN Inter-Agency Working Group on DDR (IAWG) took the decision to revise and update the Integrated Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration Standards (IDDRS). Launched in November 2019, the revised IDDRS presents the updated UN policy and guidance for the design and implementation of DDR processes, and to outline the parameters for all actors across the humanitarian, development and peace spectrum.

In light of the above, and acting in its capacity as member of the IDDRTG, as well as Egypt’s Co-chairmanship of the UN Group of Friends of DDR, CCCPA provides research, training and consultancy on the thematic area where DDR overlaps with preventing and countering extremism as conducive to terrorism in complex and asymmetrical environments. CCCPA has been actively engaged in the IDDRS revision process and authored the African Union’s Operational Guidance Notes on the Interlinkages between DDR and preventing and countering extremism as conducive to terrorism.



CCCPA's Convening, Training and Research Efforts

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